In the eyes of the ordinary people, it may be that a turtle is a very simple job. In fact, no matter whether it is before the turtles or the turtles, it is necessary to do a lot of work. Turtle feeding is not as cumbersome but also birds, must understand some necessary knowledge of breeding turtles, take the turtle before work to do to prepare for it, you need to feed, breeding, feed and other necessities for its preparation.
1. selection of breeding grounds
Under artificial rearing, many tortoises are more impatient. Rearing reasonable facilities and hidden living space can reduce these effects. Turtles of terrestrial turtles usually require a larger level of direction. Many land turtles need concealed space to set boxes, stump, stone, or other facilities. The rearing turtles can be built outside the pool and can also be kept in a bath or glass cylinder in the room.
The advantages of the outdoor pool are large area, fresh air, and abundant sunshine, as far as possible to get the natural conditions similar to the field, suitable for raising about 200 grams of tortoises.
Indoors, the tortoise crawled area is limited, constrained, sunlight and air than outdoor, is not conducive to its growth. But the equipment is small, the shape is selected and beautiful, it can add the indoor atmosphere. The tortoise, which weighs about 100 grams, is only 0.5 square meters in area, and the height of the pool can be designed according to the 2-3 times the length of the rearing tortoise.The wall is smooth around the wall to prevent the tortoise from running away. If the height of the pool is not enough, the iron wire can be reinforced around the edge of the pool.
The pool arrangement of some turtles from the black side of the 20cm thick glass wall paint, this will make them feel safer. The bottom lining of the tortoise cage can be placed in sand, potted soil and leaves. For many turtles it is a suitable cushion. Many turtles can be kept on the pads of a mixture of gravel and cement. The aquatic and terrestrial environment of the tortoise should be dismantled, at least once every 6 months.
As ornamental turtle feeding, the general use of gold cylinder, ceramic jar, porcelain jar etc.. In a vessel with a diameter of 20 centimeters and 15 centimeters high, it is better to raise 2-3 100 grams of tortoises. Breeding, water pollution, and prone to the phenomenon. If a few tortoises are raised at the same time, there should be several locations for heating, feeding and drinking, and the best between the points is out of sight of the tortoise.
This can avoid overcrowding, reduce competition, grab water or heating position phenomenon. The turtle, one can only keep a cylinder, to prevent biting each other, caused by trauma. The tortoise does not live in the water for a long time. It often needs to climb up the land, so there are some stones in the cylinder so that the tortoise can climb freely.
2. the necessities of the Turtles
(1): net bag with gauze or nylon cloth made of round or rectangular pocket. It is used for daily salvage of tortoise manure and leftover bait.
(2) plastic pipe: prepare a plastic tube with a length of about 1 meters long and 0.5-1 cm in diameter, used to suck the dirt at the bottom of the cylinder and so on.
(3) thermometer, water temperature meter: the glass instrument store is available, generally purchase the water temperature meter within the range of 0-50 C, used for measuring the temperature and temperature of water.
(4) sanitary brush: the spherical handle brush of household cleaning toilet is used to clean the pool and feed cylinder.
(5) disinfectant: available 20PPM concentration of Potassium Permanganate or the appropriate concentration of "84 disinfectant solution".
(6) feed basin: can be replaced by the lid of a lunch box or other pottery and pottery.
(7) water dispenser: because tortoises cannot long live in the water, it should be a water basin configuration, the general use of ceramic shallow water basin is about 0.5 cm high.
3. selection of feed
Feed is the nourishment source of the tortoise. In order to maintain its life activities, the tortoise must take all the necessary nutrients from the body in order to ensure the normal metabolism. Therefore, the rational and economical use of all kinds of feed is the material basis to ensure the normal growth, development, reproduction and survival of the tortoise. So it's particularly important to choose a turtle feed. Feed, according to its source, can be divided into three kinds of feed, which are animal, plant and mineral.
1 animal feed
Including meat, fish, shrimp and poultry offal, and other living animal. The tortoise likes to eat thin pork, fish, shrimp, and the internal organs of poultry. The hard shell, head and spines should be removed before feeding, so as to prevent the tortoise from breaking the mouth, esophagus or stomach. In addition, cut the food into strips and blocks according to the size of the tortoise. Because of a large food block, one is not conducive to the entrance, two is not conducive to the digestion of the tortoise.
2. plant feed
It includes all kinds of vegetables, melon and fruit, grass and so on. Plants are rich in a variety of vitamins, which are indispensable nutrients for the tortoise. But not all the plant turtles can eat.
Such as pears, sweet potatoes and other tortoises do not like to eat. The turtle generally likes to eat apples, bananas, tomatoes, leaves of green vegetables, duckweed and so on. Before feeding the food, the food should be cleaned and the disinfectant can be fed. Apple, tomato and so on should be cut into small pieces or small slices to facilitate the gnawing of the turtles.
3. mineral feed
In recent years, due to the rise of turtle aquaculture, bone meal, fish meal, trace elements mixture is developed by mixed bait for the turtle to adopt some edible animal feed factory. This kind of mixed feed is rich in nutrient elements. Long term feeding will not cause malnutrition.
The mixed feed purchased from the feed plant must be processed to feed. Before feeding, the use of water and vegetable oil to make the powdery feed granulated, and then directly into the water, when the first feeding, it is necessary to observe the eating situation of the tortoise. The remaining bait should be cleaned immediately, otherwise the bait will dissolve and disperse the polluted water after 2-3 hours.